Density is a fundamental physical property of matter that describes how much mass is contained within a given volume. It is a measure of how tightly packed the particles of a substance are. Density plays a crucial role in various scientific fields, including physics, chemistry, and engineering.

The formula for density is:

\[ \rho = \frac{m}{V} \]

Where:

- \( \rho \) (rho) is the density (typically in kg/m³)
- \( m \) is the mass of the object (in kg)
- \( V \) is the volume of the object (in m³)

Let's calculate the density of an object:

- Given:
- Mass (\( m \)) = 150 kg
- Volume (\( V \)) = 0.1 m³

- Apply the density formula: \[ \rho = \frac{m}{V} \]
- Substitute the known values: \[ \rho = \frac{150 \text{ kg}}{0.1 \text{ m³}} \]
- Perform the calculation: \[ \rho = 1500 \text{ kg/m³} \]

Let's visualize the concept of density with different materials:

This diagram illustrates:

- Different materials with varying densities
- The relationship between volume and density (smaller volumes for denser materials with the same mass)
- Common materials and their approximate densities

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